Urinary Tract Infection In Dogs

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Causes of a Lower Urinary Tract Infection in Dogs

There are numerous reasons that may predispose your dog to urinary tract infections, such as the following:

  • Tumors of the bladder or urinary tract
  • Bladder infection
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Cushing’s Disease
  • Some medications that work by suppressing the immune system
  • Bladder stones that have developed from urine crystals
  • Prostate Disease
  • Stress
  • Trauma
  • Congenital abnormalities
  • Spinal cord abnormality

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Diagnosis

Your veterinarian will make a diagnosis by taking a bacterial culture with or instead of a urinalysis. Cystocentesis is the method used to collect urine for a bacterial culture. A needle is used to collect urine directly from the bladder through the abdomen. During the veterinary examination, your veterinarian will examine your dog’s bladder, kidneys, genitalia, and rectum.

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Rectum examinations allow for the urethra to be checked. With males, the prostate is examined. If your dog has problems urinating, additional tests will be required. These may include the following:

  • Blood tests
  • Blood pressure tests
  • X-rays
  • Ultrasonography
  • Contrast x-rays
  • Biopsies
  • Cystoscopic tests

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Blood in Urine (Hematuria) at the end of a stream of urine
  • Problems with urination
  • Excessive urination in small amounts
  • Urinary incontinence (loss of bladder control)
  • Painful urination with increased straining
  • No symptoms in some cases
  • Cloudy urine
  • Vomiting
  • Whining from pain
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • General back pain
  • Licking of the urinary opening
  • Lack of appetite
  • Strong or unpleasant urine odor

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